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Posts Tagged ‘Finance term paper’

ACS State and Local Solutions

September 9th, 2009 No comments

The objective of the research paper is to present ACS State and Local Solutions as an organization that can benefit from a change readiness assessment. The twenty first century points to a constant change, rapid growth, and to try to get as much business as possible, however constant search for more capital weakens and strengthens different areas of the organization.

Weisbord proposes his Six-Box model as a diagnostic framework for organizations. He expresses that a blip in any one box cannot be managed independently of its relationship to other boxes. However, six potential starting places give you alternatives when choosing an improvement strategy (Weisbord 1978).

Let us analyze the purpose of the organization. What business is ACS State and Local Solutions in? The organization is in the business of helping people to achieve self-sufficiency, and to process childcare checks on a timely manner to ensure a better quality life for children. Both contracts are with Miami Dade County, the first is twelve million dollars with one hundred forty five employees and the latter is a sixty five million dollars and a staff of forty-five. Read more…

Impact of Psychology on Finance

August 17th, 2009 No comments

For all their flair and boasted smugness, traders are not nearly as rational as they claim to be. This principle, which is in open conflict with the conventional Efficient Market Hypothesis supported by Modern Finance, is at the heart of a new discipline called behavioral finance. These studies target the cross-territory between psychology and finance and have an impressive body of empirical evidence supporting their statements.

What are the most common human frailties preventing the rational decision-making postulated by modern finance theory and conventional economics at large ?

1) Overconfidence, whereby humans do not know what they do not know and widely overstate their own information gathering and analysis capabilities. Illusion of control and a variety of self-attribution biases fall in this category.

2) Prospect theory, which states that human decisions are affected by psychological reference points. For instance, someone who is in a losing position will likely try to get even, whereas someone in a winning position will more likely try to secure his or her gains. Read more…

Role of Accounting and Finance

August 7th, 2009 No comments

What is the role of accounting and financial decision making in Business? Why is essential to consider accounting data in relation to other factors in other decisions in all situations.

The word accounting can firstly be defined as the collection, recording, compiling and forecasting of financial information.

There are two different strands in accounting, and these are financial accounting and management accounting. Financial accounting has information about reports of the past, it can be used by external users, it needs to be reliable, accurate and consistent, it is ruled by accounting conventions and legal requirements, and it covers the company as a whole.

Management accounting focuses on the present and the future of the company, it is purely for internal users, it is usually easy to use, relevant and up-to-date, and it covers the departments and divisions rather than the company as a whole.

The first part of accounting is the collection of the data. This data is collected from the business transactions which are the: Buying and selling of goods and services; Sales invoices, purchase invoices; Statements, credit notes; Remittance advice notes, cheque receipts.

The second part is the recording of the data. This process is done with double entry, using the accounting equation and the conventions or principles. The information is recorded in Daybooks, books of original data, sales purchase ledgers, and nominal ledgers. Read more…